WVU Extension

Edward B. Rayburn

Edward B. Rayburn
Edward B. Rayburn
Extension Specialist
1078 Agricultural Science Building
P.O. Box 6108
Morgantown, WV 26506-6108
Ed.Rayburn@mail.wvu.edu
Phone: 304-293-2654



Area of Expertise
  • Pasture and Hay Production
  • Pasture and Hay Utilization
  • Pasture and Hay Risk Management
  • Pasture Ecology
  • Ruminant Nutrition
  • Program Responsibilities
  • Developing and Implementing Extension Curriculum in Forage Production and Utilization by Livestock in Pasture-based Systems
  • Conducts Research in Production Risk in Pasture Finished Beef Production Systems and How to Mitigate Production Risk.

  • Education
    Ph.D. Agronomy, 1977, Va. Tech., Blacksburg VA
    M.S. Wildlife Biology, 1973, Va. Tech., Blacksburg VA
    B.S. Wildlife Biology, 1970, Cornell University, Ithaca NY

    Selected Publications
  • Basweti, E.A., P.J. Turk, E.B. Rayburn, and W. B. Bryan. 2009. No-till sequential cropping of summer and fall annual forage species compared with grassland. Agronomy Journal 101:1497-1502.
  • Clapham, W. M., J. M. Fedders, A. O. Abaye, and E. B. Rayburn. 2008. Forage pasture production, risk analysis and the buffering capacity of Triticale. Agronomy Journal 100:128-135.
  • Evans, J. R., M. Sperow, G. E. D’souza, and E. B. Rayburn. 2007. Stochastic simulation of pasture-raised beef production systems and implications for the Appalachian cow-calf sector. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture Vol. 30 (4):27-51.
  • Lozier, J.D., E. B. Rayburn, and J. Shaw. 2006. The decision to finish cattle on pasture: an ethnographic approach. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 28(3):2-23
  • Lozier, J.D., E. B. Rayburn, and J. Shaw. 2004. Growing and selling pasture-finished beef: results of a nationwide survey. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture. 25:93-112
  • Monks, C.D., T. Basden, J.L. Hatton, M.L. McFarland, S.M. Poland, and E.B. Rayburn. 1997. Cover crop response to late-season planting and nitrogen application. J. Prod. Agric. 10:289-293.
  • Monks, C.D., David W. Monks, T. Basden, Arthur Selders, Suzanne Poland, E. Rayburn. 1997. Soil temperature, soil moisture, weed control, and yomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) response to mulching. Weed Technology 11:561-566.
  • Rayburn, E. B. 2009. Estimating economic risk using Monte Carlo enterprise budgets. Online. Forage and Grazinglands doi:10.1094/FG-2009-0415-01-MG.
  • Rayburn, E. B., Whetsell, M. S., Lozier, J. D., Smith, B. D., Shockey, W. L., and Seymore, D. A. 2008. Initial nutritive value and utilization affect apparent diet quality of grazed forage. Online. Forage and Grazinglands doi:10.1094/FG-2008-0903-01-RS.
  • Rayburn, E. B., J. D. Lozier, M. A. Sanderson. B. D. Smith, W. L. Shockey, D. A. Seymore, S. W. Fultz. 2007. Alternative methods of estimating forage height and sward capacitance in pastures can be cross calibrated. Online. Forage and Grazinglands doi:10.1094/FG-2007-0614-01-RS.
  • Rayburn, E. B., M. S. Whetsell, and P. I. Osborne. 2006. Calves weaned and backgrounded on pasture respond to pasture nutritive value and supplements. Online. Forage and Grazinglands doi:10.1094/FG-2006-0719-01-RS.
  • Rayburn, E.B and S.B. Rayburn. 1998. A standardized plate meter for estimating pasture mass in on-farm research trials. Agron. J. 90:238-241.
  • Rayburn, E.B., and D.G. Fox. 1993. Variations in neutral detergent fiber intake of Holstein cows. J. Dairy Sci. 76:544-554.
  • Rayburn, E.B. and D.G. Fox. 1990. Predicting growth performance of Holstein steers. J. Anim. Sci. 68:788-798.
  • Rayburn, E.B., R.E. Blaser, and J.P. Fontenot. 1980. In vivo quality of tall fescue as influenced by season, legumes, age, and canopy strata. Agron. J. 72:872-875.
  • Rayburn, E.B., R.E. Blaser, and D.D. Wolf. 1979. Winter tall fescue yield and quality with different accumulation periods and N rates. Agron. J. 71:959-963.
  • Rotz, J. D., A. O. Abaye, R. H. Wynne, E. B. Rayburn, G. Scaglia, and R. D. Phillips. 2008. Classification of digital photography for measuring productive ground cover. Rangeland Ecology & Management. 61:245-248.
  • Sanderson, M.A., C.A. Rotz, S.W. Fultz and E.B. Rayburn. 2001. Estimating forage mass with a commercial capacitance meter, rising plate meter, and pasture ruler. Agron. J. 93:1281-1286.
  • Turner, Kenneth E., David P. Belesky, James M. Fedders, and Edward B. Rayburn. 1996. Canopy management influences on cool-season grass quality and simulated livestock performance. Agron. J. 88:199-204.
  • Whetsell, M. S., E. B. Rayburn and P. I. Osborne. 2006. Evaluation in Appalachian pasture systems of the 1996 (update 2000) National Research Council model for weaning cattle. J. Anim. Sci. 84:1265-1270.
  • Yohn, C. W., T.J. Basden, J. T. Fullen, E. M. Pena-Yewtukhiw, and E. B. Rayburn. 2009. Stimulating interest in and adoption of precision agriculture methods on small farm operations. NACAA Journal.
  • Abaye, A. O., J. T. Green, Jr. and E. B. Rayburn. 2010. Identification and Adaptation: Common Grasses, Legumes and Non-leguminous Forbs of the Eastern United States. Interstate Graphic Inc. Pub. Johnson City, TN ISBN: 0615357571. 400 p.
  • Rayburn, E.B. (ed.). 2008. Animal Production Systems for Pasture-based Livestock Production, NRAES-171. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY. 185 p.
  • Rayburn, E.B. (ed.). 2007. Forage Utilization for Pasture-based Livestock Production, NRAES-173. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY. 185 p.
  • Rayburn, E.B. (ed.). 2006. Managing and Marketing for Pasture-based Livestock Production, NRAES-174. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY. 116 p.
  • Rayburn, E.B. (ed.). 2006. Forage Production for Pasture-based Livestock Production, NRAES-172. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY. 139 p.
  • Abaye, O., J. Green and E.B. Rayburn. Plant morphology and its effects on management. 2006. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Forage Production for Pasture-based Livestock Production, NRAES-172. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Blaser, R.E., W.C. Stringer, E.B. Rayburn, J.P. Fontenot, R.C. Hammes, Jr., and H.T. Bryant. 1977. Increasing digestibility and intake through management of grazing systems. In Forage-fed Beef: Production and Marketing Alternatives in the South. Southern Coop. Ser. Bull. 220.
  • Belesky, D. P., W. B. Bryan, W. M. Murphy, and E. B. Rayburn. 2007. Cool-season grass and legume pastures. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Forage utilization for pasture-based livestock production, NRAES-173. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Cropper, J. B., P. R. Peterson, and E.B. Rayburn. 2007. Perenniating warm-season annual forages. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Forage Utilization for pasture-based livestock production, NRAES-173. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Luginbuhl, Jean-Marie and E. B. Rayburn. 2008. Goat nutrition and management. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Animal production systems for pasture-based livestock production, NRAES-171. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Peterson. P. R., E. B. Rayburn, J. B. Cropper, and D. P. Belesky. 2007. Perennial warm-season grasses. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Forage utilization for pasture-based livestock production, NRAES-173. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Rayburn, E. B. A. O. Abaye, B. F. Tracey, and M. A. Sanderson. 2007. Assessing species composition and forage quality. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Forage utilization for pasture-based livestock production, NRAES-173. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Rayburn, E. B., E. M. Vollborn, M. H. Poore, J. T. Green, M. E. Scott, and G. A. Benson. 2007. Deferred grazing to extend the grazing season. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Forage utilization for pasture-based livestock production, NRAES-173. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Rayburn, E. B. and T. J. Basden. 2006. Soil, soil fertility and fertilizer management. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Forage Production for Pasture-based Livestock Production, NRAES-172. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Rayburn, E.B., W. Murphy, and A. Clark. 2006. Introduction to pasture-based livestock production. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Managing and Marketing for Pasture-based Livestock Production, NRAES-174. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY. 116 p.
  • Rayburn, E.B., M.H. Hall, W. Murphy, and L. Vough. 1998. Pasture production. In C.R. Krueger and H.B. Pionke (ed.). Pasture Management in the Northeast – Assessing Current Technologies, Research Directions and Educational Needs. NRAES-113. Northeast Regional Agricultural Engineering Service. Ithaca NY.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 1993. Potential ecological and environmental effects of pasture and BGH technology. p 247-276. In W.C. Liebhardt (ed.). The Dairy Debate, Consequences of Bovine Growth Hormone and Rotational Grazing Technologies. Univ. of California, Davis.
  • Sanderson, M. A., L. Holden, E. B. Rayburn, K. J. Soder and W. B. Bryan. 2007. Assessing forage mass and forage budgeting. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Forage utilization for pasture-based livestock production, NRAES-173. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Vough, L.R., M.H. Hall, and E.B. Rayburn. 2004. Establishing forage stands. In E.B. Rayburn (ed.). Forage Production for Pasture-based Livestock Production, NRAES-172. Natural Resource, Agriculture and Engineering Service, Ithaca NY.
  • Rayburn, E.B., R.M. Wallbrown, and E.C. Prigge. 2004. Pasture forage quality in West Virginia – 1999 to 2001. West Virginia University Extension Bulletin. December 2003.
  • Whetsell, M.S., E.B. Rayburn, and J.D. Lozier. 2003. Human health effects of fatty acids in beef. West Virginia University Extension Bulletin. August 2003.
  • Rayburn, E.B. and S.P Washburn. 2010. Ruminant Livestock Production Systems In David Hannaway and Henry Fribourg (ed.). Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles. For the United Nations/Food and Agriculture Organization by Univ. of Oregon, Corvallis, OR.
  • Rayburn, E.B. and S.P Washburn. 2010. Grasslands of the United States Humid Regions. In David Hannaway and Henry Fribourg (ed.). Country Pasture/Forage Resource Profiles. For the United Nations/Food and Agriculture Organization by Univ. of Oregon, Corvallis, OR.

  • Selected Presentations
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2009. Pasture ecology: managing things that we can not see. Proceedings of the Mid Atlantic Grass-Finished Livestock Conference “Merging the Art and Science of Grass Finishing”. October 23 & 24. Holiday Inn Conference Center Staunton, VA
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2008. Pasture ecology: managing things that we can not see. Proceedings of the Mid Atlantic Dairy Grazing Conference and Organic Field Day. October 8 & 9. Blue Ridge Community College. Weyers Cave, VA
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2008. Stocking rate: getting it right. Virginia and North Carolina Forage and Grassland Conferences 2008. Jan 21, Mt. Crawford, VA. Jan 22 Abingdon, VA. Jan 23 Oxford, NC. Jan 24 Blackstone VA.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2007. Drought Management Before, During, and After the Drought. National Grass-Fed Beef Conference, Holiday Inn Harrisburg-Hershey, Grantville, PA, February 28 to March 2, 2007.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2007. Meeting the challenges of Pasture-finishing beef. 2007 Appalachian Grazing Conference. Lakeview Inn and Conference Center. Morgantown WV March 8-10, 2007.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2007. Forage Quality is VALUE. 2007 Appalachian Grazing Conference. Lakeview Inn and Conference Center. Morgantown WV March 8-10, 2007.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2005. Pasture finishing beef. Grass-fed Meats Conference Bloomsburg, PA March 12, 2005.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2004. Pasture finishing beef. Northeast Grasstravaganza. February 27-28, 2004. Binghamton, NY.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2003. Meeting the challenges of pasture-finishing beef. Pennsylvania Grazing and Forage Conference. March 5-6, 2003. Grantville, PA.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2003. Principles of management intensive grazing. Heart of America Grazing Conference. January 22-23, 2003. Hannibal, Missouri.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2002. Forage species adapted to the Northeast. Western Pennsylvania Sheep Symposium. Meadowlands PA March 2, 2002.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2002. Extending the grazing season on dairy farms – Fall and Spring. Mid-Atlantic Dairy Grazing Conference. Park Inn Gateway Conference Center. Hickory, NC. July 29-31, 2002.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2001. Hay quality vs. hay quantity. Making Hay Proceedings – Virginia Cooperative Extension and Virginia Forage and Grassland Council. Holiday Inn, Verona, VA Jan. 11, 2001.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2001. Proper handling and curing of hay. Making Hay Proceedings – Virginia Cooperative Extension and Virginia Forage and Grassland Council. Holiday Inn, Verona, VA Jan. 11, 2001.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2000. Extending the grazing season. Mid-Atlantic Dairy Grazing Conference and Workshop. Abingdon, VA, July 11-13.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2000. Management-intensive grazing systems impact on energy use. Southern Pasture and Forage Crop Improvement Conference, Raleigh NC, June 12-14.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2000. Developing your own forage-livestock system. Maine Grazing Conference, Oakland Maine, 8 April.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 2000. Measuring pasture availability. Maine Grazing Conference, Oakland Maine, 8 April.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 1997. Forage quality in animal nutrition and supplementation. Second Mid-Atlantic Grazing Field Day and Workshop. Staunton Va.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 1996. Developing integrated forage-livestock systems. Nova Scotia Spring Pasture Seminars. April 14-19. Nova Scotia, Canada.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 1996. Forage quality and animal production in forage-livestock systems. Nova Scotia Spring Pasture Seminars. April 14-19. Nova Scotia, Canada.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 1995. Soils, plants, animals and environmental quality. West Virginia University and the Environment – Celebration of the 25th Anniversary of Earth Day. April 21-22 WVU Law Center, Morgantown WV.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 1994. Nutritional attributes and deficiencies of pastures. Am. Assoc. Bovine Practitioners Ann. Conf., Pitsburgh PA. Sept 21, 1994.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 1994. Grazing systems and sustainability – technology, sustainability and low input animal agriculture symposium. Ann. Mtg. N.E. Am. Soc. Anim. Sci., West Virginia Univ.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 1993. Nutrients from pastures and limitations for dairy cattle. Penn State dairy nutrition seminar-utilizing pasture as an integral part of dairy feeding programs. Penn State – Capital Campus.
  • Rayburn, E.B. 1993. Grazing systems and pasture management. 7th Ann. Virginia Sustainable Agr. Conf. Charlottesville VA.

  • Awards/ Recognition
    American Forage & Grassland Council Distinguished Grasslander Award, 23 June 2009, Grand Rapids, MI
    WVU Extension Award of Excellence, Team Program Excellence – Grassland Team, 6 Nov 2007
    WVU Extension Researcher Awards, Outstanding Advanced Researcher Award, 9 Nov 2005
    WVU Extension Outstanding Individual Program Award, Nov 1996
    United States Department of Agriculture, Certificate of Merit, Outstanding performance during the period October 1, 1989 through September 30, 1990 which resulted in a quality within-grade salary increase.

    Committee
  • CAST, Representative for American Forage and Grassland Council, Chair Animal and Environment Work Group, 2009-2010
  • American Forage and Grassland Council, Member of Board of Directors, 2004-2010
  • Forage and Grassland Foundation, Member of Board of Directors, 2007-2010
  • NRAES, Member and Past Chair of Advisory Committee, 2003-2009
  • Northeast Pasture Consortium, Principle Investigator and Past Executive Director, 1994-2009
  • Appalachian Grazing Conference Planning Committee, Chair Budget Sub Committee, 2002-2010
  • WVU-ES Grassland Team, Co Chair, 1992-2011
  • WV Grassland Steering Committee, WVU Extension Representative, 1997-2010
  • WV Forage and Grassland Council, Advisor, 2003-2010